company-registration

In this article business owners will learn all needed information to create a new company in Bulgaria. Once you have decided to open a new business is important to choose the best accountant who will suit your needs.

1. Getting started

The first thing you need to know is what will be the type of activity of your new company. Once you
have chosen the type of activity of your company, you should research the market.

2. Choosing your legal form of the company

The second step is to form a company. To open a company in Bulgaria in the legal form LTD or LLC is cheapest and is not necessary to have a residence permit.

Formation of LTD and LLC can be done with a foundation capital of only 2 BGN (about 1 EUR). LTD (EOOD) can be formed with one shereholder. LLC. (OOD) can be formed by one or more shareholders. If a company shall be a shareholder there will be additional expenses for translation and its legalization depending of content of Certificate/s that we will need.

Once you have chosen the legal form of your company you should choose a company name that is not taken. There are some specific requirements for the names of the companies. For more information contact us.

All companies must be registered in the Commercial Register in Bulgaria.
The new companies can be register for one day in the Commercial register. All applications for company registration will be processed until the following working day and same day will be the decision on registration of the company. Only there may be a delay if there is an instruction to remove the irregularities in the documents.

3. Choosing a start date

You can choose when to open your company according to your plans for the realization of your services /
goods. The new companies can be register for one day in the Commercial register. All applications for company registration will be processed until the following working day and same day will be the decision on registration of the company. Only there may be a delay if there is an instruction to remove the irregularities in the documents.

We will need at least 2-3 days to prepare the documents, necessary for the initial company registration. Please, bear in mind that some of them will need notary attestation, apart from signature. There are two possible ways to do get a documents notary attested:
- in Bulgaria;
- abroad

When you choose to come in Bulgaria to verify the documents the only thing that must be done is to go to the nearest notary address and to get the attestation. This option is cheaper than verifying the documents in front of a notary abroad. If you choose it this will be the first time when it will be necessary to come in Bulgaria for not longer than a day.

When you decide to get notary attestation abroad apart from the notary signature and stamp the documents will need also you must get them notary attested and then you must go to the Bulgarian Embassy in your country to verify these documents (Declarations, Power of Attorneys, etc.) by Apostle as later they will need to be legalized in Bulgaria. The procedure abroad is more expensive and takes more time.

4. Tax address

You will need to have the official address for tax administration, which will be visited by the National Revenue Agency authorities in connection with the VAT registration.

If you do not have an office in Bulgaria we can offer this service. For more information contact us.

5. Starting a new company

You can start work after your company is registered in the Commercial Register.

6. Opening a bank account

As for the bank account it is obligatory to have bank account in Bulgarian currency. In Bulgaria we could help you to open bank account, if you provide us Power of Attorney. This bank account(s) must be on the name of your Bulgarian company.

Each new company has to open a bank account in Bulgaria so that the company could receive the payments from its clients and make payments to the suppliers and national tax agencies such as National Revenue Agency (NRA) etc.

Then you can choose between two possible ways to open company’s bank account.
- With our assistance for which we will need Power of Attorney
- Personally

We could help you to open bank account without the necessity to come in the country but we could provide you this service only for one particular bank as the have already provided us sample Power of Attorney which when verified by you gives us the rights to provide the service. This bank account(s) must be on the name of your Bulgarian company. Private bank accounts when you want to register company here are not obligatory requirement.

7. Authorization of accounting

Once the company is ready we will need several more Power of Attorneys to be notary attested. The procedure here is the same like with the first documents that need verification (abroad or in Bulgaria). If you choose to complete this procedure in Bulgaria this will be the second and last time that you’ll have to come.

8. VAT registration

In Bulgaria there are two types of VAT registration – mandatory and voluntary. If you plan to trade with European Union countries we recommend you register the company for VAT voluntarily. The VAT registration takes 14 working days.

9. Monthly accounting services

Your Accounting Ltd assists with your monthly accounting and bookkeeping needs. Our accounting service entails everything from balance statements, payroll services, free consultations and tax planning for your business. We have answers for everything your questions.

10. Financial year – closing

The financial year in Bulgaria for the period from 01/01 to 31/12. If you register your company in December your financial year will be only for the period of December.

In Bulgaria it is not possible to have a financial year for the period of 13 months.

The corporate tax return declarations must be filed no later than 31 March of the year following the tax year and should be delivered to the NRA office where the taxable entity is registered.

The annual corporate income tax must be paid no later than 31 March of the year following the tax year.

All companies are obliged to submit to National Revenue Agency an Annual Tax Return till 31st March and to declare in Commercial Register an Annual Financial Report till 30 June of the next year, for activity in the previous year. It is advisable to attend to these obligations, because there is a fines for not meeting the deadline between 500 and 3 000 BGN.

• Maximum insurable income changes from 2400 BGN to 2600 BGN .;

• Minimum insurance income for self-employed persons who did not carry out activities in 2013 and those which started operations in 2014 and 2015 is set at 420 BGN .;

• Minimum insurance income for self-employed persons who have exercised an activity in 2013 is determined according to their taxable income for 2013 as follows:
- Up to 5400 BGN – 420 BGN .;
- 5 400.01 BGN to 6500 BGN – 450 BGN .;
- 6 500.01 BGN to 7500 BGN – 500 BGN .;
- Over 7500 BGN – 550 BGN

• Minimum insurance income for farmers and tobacco – 300 BGN

• The minimum wage varies from 340 to 360 BGN of 01.01.2015 and of 01.07.2015, they are to be increased to 380 BGN

• Changes in VAT mainly concern the provision of telecommunications services, broadcasting of radio and television and electronic services to end users. These services should be subject to VAT in the country in which he is established taxable person – the customer. To avoid the need to register for VAT in each Member State on such deliveries, providers will be able to enjoy special arrangements for reporting the information system MOSS, after applying for it.

• Annual tax returns can now be submitted electronically only runway code issued by the NRA.

• The maternity allowance does not change remains 340 BGN changes affect the way the calculation of income which is received mother before going on leave – 18 months increased to 24 months.

• A new electronic system for the submission of medical certificates from doctors at the Institute. This does not relieve employees of their obligation to submit a doctor’s note – a copy of the employer. It is believed that the introduction of the electronic system will speed up the processing of medical certificates.

• Within 01.31.2015 year self employed can change the type of self-insurance you. Declaration of self-employment may be submitted in person at the NRA or by proxy, and also by registered mail.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

The documents to establish of pensionable service (UP-3) and insurance income (UP-2) shall be issued free of accounting of the company in accordance with Art. 5 para. 7 of the Social Insurance Code.

These documents are prepared by the accounting within 30 days after termination of employment of the employee. And in case the request is made by the employee for the preparation deadline is 14 days from the date of the application. Therefore it is important to know that no one can refuse you give you issue these documents and each is obliged to observe over the statutory deadlines.

In the event that the company where you worked has stopped activity of NSSI can issue you a contribution period and pensionable income.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

One of the most frequently asked questions in the field of accounting is after the registration of the company how it should be provide owners / partners.

Providing manager in EOOD

When to the registration documents of the company is applied a contract for management and control of the company owner and is agreed remuneration, the same shall be provided by contract for management and control on minimum social security threshold for the economic activity.

In the other case, when the manager and sole owner of EOOD are one and the same person and there is no a contract for management and control entered remuneration has two options to ensure:

- As a manager under management and control of the minimum social security threshold for economic activity or
- As a self-employed person on the minimum insurance income 460 BGN to the maximum insurable earnings – 2600 BGN

Providing partner in OOD

If a partner has a contract for management and control and carries out activities other than management, which will receive remuneration should be provided in two ways – once as manager and then as a self-employed person.

If a partner is not registered as a manager, the same can be provided under an employment contract or if he pursues his occupation without an employment contract is provided as a self-employed person.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

On the website NRA published new models of the following documents:

- Information for income paid to individuals under Art. 73 of the Personal Income Tax Act;
- Statement for remuneration paid of art. 45, para. 4 of PITA;
- Official note under Art. 45, para. 4 of PITA;
- Official note of income acquired from sources in art. 35 of the Personal Income Tax Act;
- Official note under Art. 45, para. 2 pt. 1, 2 and 3 of the Personal Income Tax Act;
- Official note under Art. 45, para. 1 and par. 2 pt. 4 of the Personal Income Tax Act and
- Declaration under Art. 55, para. 1 of PITA and art. 201, para. 1 of CITA and applications.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Every employee is entitled to paid annual leave.

According to Art. 155 para 1 of the Labour Code when starting work for the first time the employee may use paid annual leave when it acquires at least 8 months work experience.

In case of termination of employment before acquisition of of eight months work experience the employee is entitled to compensation for unused leave, calculated in accordance with Art. 224, para 1.
The amount of paid annual leave is not less than 20 working days.

Some categories of workers, depending on the specific nature of the work are entitled to an extended paid leave in which leave is included under para 4. The categories of employees and the minimum amount of such leave shall be determined by the Council of Ministers.

According to Art. 156 under Art. 155, para. 2 the employee is entitled to additional paid leave:

- to work under specific conditions and risks to life and health that can not be eliminated, restricted
or reduced, despite the measures taken – not less than 5 working days;
- To work in irregular working hours – not less than 5 working days.
The types of work for which additional annual leave shall be determined by an ordinance of the Council of Ministers.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

According to the Labour Code, Art. 70 states that where the work required to verify the suitability of the employee to perform, final acceptance of the work can to be preceded by a contract for a trial period of 6 months. Such a contract may be concluded when the employee wishes to ascertain whether the work is suitable for him.

An important part is when concluding of the contract for a period of the test is to be mentioned some of the characteristics:

- In the contract shall specify in whose benefit it is agreed probationary period. If this is not specified in the contract, it is agreed that the period of testing is scheduled for the benefit of both parties.
- During the test, the parties shall have all rights and obligations as well as in the final agreement.
- A probationer does not include the time during which the employee was on leave or for other valid reasons not performed the work for which the contract is concluded.
- For the same job with the same worker in the same establishment employment contract for a trial period can be entered only once.

Termination of the contract for a trial period shall be governed by Art.
71 of the Labour Code:

- until the expiration of the probationary period the party in whose benefit it is agreed, may terminate the contract without notice;
- The labor contract is deemed to be finally concluded, if not terminated until the expiration of the probationary period.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

According to the Social Insurance Code self employed are:

- Freelancers and / or craft activity of registration;
- Persons engaged in work as sole traders, owners or partners in commercial companies and individuals – members of the unincorporated companies;
- Registered farmers or tobacco producers.

The Self-employed individuals are obliged to submit to the NRA declaration form for the initiation, cessation, renewal or discontinuation of employment in 7 – days of the occurrence of the relevant circumstance.

The minimum monthly insurance income for self-employed persons is 420.00 BGN.The exception are registered farmers and tobacco producers, for which the minimum monthly insurance income is 240.00 BGN.

The maximum monthly insurable income for self-employed persons is 2 400.00 BGN.
It is important to note that the declaration is complete with address identity card of the person and submitted to the Territorial office at this address.

After submit a declaration of self-employed persons are required to submit a declaration form 1 to 25 day of the month following the month and accordingly pay their obligations to the NRA PIN. Declaration form 6 is submitted once a year by 30 April of the calendar year following the year to which it relates.

The Self-employed individuals also submitted a declaration under Article 50 of the Personal Income Tax Act of the final amount of the insurance income.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

According to VAT car is a car in which the number of seats the driver does not exceed 5.

The fuel expenses for a car classified as maintenance costs repair and operation. These costs are treated differently depending on what kind of activity is the fuel used:

1. When the fuel is used for the performance of the main activity of the company, it is recognized for tax purposes and not subject to to income tax on costs. Activities that fall into this category – security, transport or taxi services.

2. When the fuel is used for the management activities of the company, the costs are not subject to VAT pursuant to Art. 70, paragraph 1, item. 3 VAT and taxed 10% according to Art. 204 tons. 3 CITA.

3. When the fuel is used for main and management activities of the company tax base costs are based on mileage for the activity for the calendar year.

4. When the cost of exploitation, repair and maintenance of passenger cars used for representation expenses such as business meetings, or other entertainment events are subject to 10% tax under CITA.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Companies which accounted representative expenses are subject to tax 10%.
Representative expenses are considered:

- Costs associated with the activity of the company for example: organizing business events, buying food and drinks, corporate event, buying flowers and gifts, and more.

- Social costs for the staff and persons employed on contract management and control for example additional voluntary insurance, food vouchers and more.

- Costs related to the exploitation of vehicles for carrying out management activities.

According to Corporate Income Tax Act representative expenses are taxed at 10% on the total value of such tax shall be declared and paid in each financial year of the company.

It is important to note that the organization of congresses, conferences and other events of this type do not fall under the tax rules.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

At the end of September was upgraded system of the commercial register as the system is already operational. The main difference noticeable at first glance is the ability to trade register is fluent foreigners as the system is an added feature to change the system language and translated into English. This will greatly facilitate foreign company owners and natural persons who now easier can check and search the site brra.bg

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

You want to start a business in Bulgaria?

This can be done easily by trusting our team of professionals.

We offer consulting services to answer your questions and to realize your ideas.

Right now to our new customers we can offer preferential price for consulting services and subscription accounting.

Contact us and learn more about our special offer.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Compulsory VAT registration – art. 96, para 1 of the VAT Act.
An obligation for registration arises when a taxable person reaches a taxable turnover of BGN 50 000 or more for a period 12 consecutive months preceding the current month.

Compulsory registration for supply of goods with assembly and installation – art. 97, para 1 of the VAT Act. A person who is established in another Member State and who effects taxable supplies of goods which are assembled or installed within the territory of the country by or for the account of the said person. The application for registration shall be submitted not later than 7 days prior to the date of occurrence of the chargeable event for the supply.

Compulsory registration in case of distance selling of goods – art. 98 of the VAT Act.
Any taxable person who effects a supply of goods whereof the place of transaction is within the territory of the country under the terms of distance selling shall be registered on this grounds. The obligation for registration arises not later than 7 days prior to the date of occurrence of the chargeable event and turnover of BGN 70 000.
Compulsory registration in case of Intra-Community Acquisition (ICA) – art. 99 of the VAT Act.

The application for registration shall be submitted not later than 7 days prior to the date of occurrence of the chargeable event for the acquisition by which the total value of taxable Intra-Community acquisitions exceeds BGN 20,000. The obligation for registration arises not later than 7 days prior to the date of occurrence of the chargeable event.

Compulsory registration as result of transformation – art. 10, para 1 of the VAT Act.
Registration under the VAT Act shall be compulsory for any person who in case of no supply of goods or services (Art. 10, para. 1 of the VAT Act) acquires goods. This registration shall be effected by submission of an application for registration with in 14 days.

Registration of a non-resident who is not established within country – art. 101 of the VAT Act.
This type of registration does not apply to non-resident persons supplying services under Chapter Eighteen of the VAT Act, insofar as there is a specific procedure for registration. The obligation for registration arises not later than 14 days prior to the date of occurrence of the chargeable event.

Accounting Services Bulgaria

Accounting Services Bulgaria